عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Topic maps are an ISO standard (ISO 13250) that is used for presenting the information about information resources structures. The initial idea of this standard was raised in 1991 and due to its strength it turned into an ISO standard. This paper investigates concepts and model of topic maps and aims to mention applications of this standard in library and information science (LIS) realm. A topic map, as a type of document is defined as XML or SGML technically. Research show that this standard is compatible with some of LIS techniques and rules especially in knowledge organization, but it attempts to use these rules in the web. So it can be said that according to some challenges that LIS field faces in adapting traditional techniques for knowledge organization in the Web, topic maps standard can help in solving such problems and challenges and this is what some experts of LIS tried to do.