1 پژوهشگاه علوم و فناوری اطلاعات ایران(ایرانداک)
2 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات؛ تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Commercialization is the process of conversion of technology into successful economic products that transforms knowledge produced into marketable products and is a priority for the activities of universities and research institutes in the world. Today, the survival of universities and research centers depends on providing their knowledge in the form of knowledge products to society and the market. The main objective of this research is to determine the factors and requirements that affect the growth and success of knowledge commercialization from the viewpoint of the students of Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University in Tehran.
The research method used is survey because it is one of the best methods for studying problems in real conditions and testing different variables. The statistical population consists of all graduate students of Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University of Tehran. A randomized stratified sampling method and a data gathering tool was a semi-researcher-made questionnaire whose validity was confirmed by the opinion of the professors and its reliability was confirmed by Cronbach's alpha of 0.956. Data analysis was performed using SPSS software and Friedman statistical test.
The findings of the study showed that from the viewpoint of university graduate students, the most economic factors (4.14) and educational and research mechanisms have the least (3.64) effect on the growth and success of knowledge commercialization. Based on research findings, applied proposals were presented to improve the knowledge commercialization process at universities. Managers and policymakers of the university should act to facilitate the creation of companies and the commercialization of knowledge, the commercialization of knowledge and policies for distribution of income arising from the commercialization of knowledge, and in this regard, widespread networking of communication developing the role of stakeholders in knowledge-trading business process.