شناسایی عوامل کلیدی مؤثر بر آینده بازیابی اطلاعات متنی به روش تحلیل تأثیر متقابل روندها

نویسندگان

گروه علم اطلاعات و دانش‌شناسی؛ دانشگاه اصفهان؛ اصفهان، ایران؛

چکیده

در جهان کنونی که اطلاعات انسان را از هر طرف در‌بر‌گرفته، آنچه بیش از همه اهمیت پیدا می‌کند، بازیابی صحیح آن است. بازیابی اطلاعات همواره از دغدغه‌های بشر بوده و به‌ همین دلیل، به‌طور مداوم دستخوش تغییرات بسیاری شده است. یکی از مسائلی که متخصصان حوزه بازیابی اطلاعات همواره به آن اندیشیده‌اند، طراحی نظام بازیابی اطلاعات کارآمد است. از این ‌رو، با شناسایی عوامل کلیدی مؤثر بر آینده بازیابی اطلاعات می‌توان در طراحی چنین نظامی موفق‌تر عمل کرد و سهم بیشتری در آینده بازیابی اطلاعات داشت. پژوهش حاضر کاربردی و با استفاده از روش‌های مرور منابع و تحلیل تأثیرات متقابل انجام شد و برای تحلیل تأثیرات متقابل و شناسایی عوامل کلیدی از نرم‌افزار «میک‌مک» بهره گرفته شد. پژوهش حاضر به شناسایی ۱۳ عامل کلیدیِ ۱. تبدیل کتابخانه‌های سنتی به دیجیتال، ۲. توسعه و ارتقای موتورهای جست‌وجو، ۳. قالب‌های جدید محتوا، ۴. هوشمند شدن روش‌های جمع‌آوری اطلاعات، ۵. همگرایی رسانه‌ها، ۶. افزایش تولید محتوا، ۷. نسل جدید وب، ۸. خودکار‌شدن فرایندهای بازیابی اطلاعات، ۹. ظهور منابع ترکیبی، ۱۰. داده‌های عظیم، ۱۱. پردازش ابری، ۱۲. افزایش منابع اینترنتی، و ۱۳. استفاده از هوش مصنوعی و پردازش زبان طبیعی در بازیابی اطلاعات مؤثر بر آینده بازیابی اطلاعات منتهی شد که حاکی از سهم زیاد فناوری در آینده نظام‌های بازیابی اطلاعات متنی است. بنابراین، ضروری است در عصر انقلاب صنعتی پنجم متخصصان علم اطلاعات بیش از گذشته به ابزار فناوری مجهز شوند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identifying Key Factors Affecting on Future of Text Information Retrieval: a Cross-Impact Analysis Method

نویسندگان [English]

  • abolfazl Asadnia
  • Mehrdad CheshmehSohrabi
  • Ahmad shaban
  • Mohsen Taheri Demneh
چکیده [English]

In contemporary world where information is all about human beings, what matters most is the accurate retrieval of information. Information retrieval has always been a human concern, which is why it is constantly undergoing many changes. One of the issues that information retrieval experts have always been thinking about is designing an efficient information retrieval system. Therefore, by identifying the key factors affecting the future of information retrieval, we can be more successful in designing such a system and have a greater share in the future of information retrieval. In the present study resource review and cross-impact analysis methods, and MicMac software was used to analyze interactions and identify key factors. The results of the present study lead to the identification of 13 key factors: 1. conversion of traditional libraries to digital, 2. development and upgrading of search engines, 3. new content formats, 4. intelligence of data collection methods, 5. convergence media, 6. increasing content production, 7. new generation of the Web, 8. automating information retrieval processes, 9. emergence of hybrid resources, 10. big data, 11. cloud processing, 12. increasing Internet resources, and 13. use of artificial intelligence and natural language processing in effective information retrieval on the future of information retrieval. Therefore, in the era of the fifth industrial revolution, it is necessary for information science specialists to be equipped with technological tool more than before.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • information retrieval systems
  • information science specialists
  • Futures Study
  • key factors
  • Future of Information Retrieval
  • MicMac (software)
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