جستاری بر گستره تعاریف اینترنت اشیاء در راستای ارائه یک تعریف جامع

نویسندگان

1 دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان شناسی؛ دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز؛ اهواز؛ ایران

2 دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز؛ اهواز؛ ایران

3 گروه مهندسی کامپیوتر؛دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز؛ اهواز؛ ایران

چکیده

به عنوان یک موضوع رو به رشد، تعریف رسمی و عمومی پذیرفته‌شده‌ای از اینترنت اشیاء وجود ندارد. مرور پژوهش‌های این حوزه نشان می‌دهد که هر پژوهشگر و سازمانی این فناوری را آنگونه که درک می‌نماید، تفسیر نموده است. در نتیجه، تا کنون ۱۱۶ تعریف از این فناوری نوظهور ارائه شده است. تحقیق حاضر تلاشی است در راستای شناخت و تسلط بیش از پیش بر تعریف اینترنت اشیاء که با روش مرور پیشینه و بررسی متون انجام شده است. همه تعاریف و توصیف‌های مربوط اما متنوع به هم ربط داده شد تا تعریفی تهیه شود که بتواند به عنوان مرجعی برای ذینفعانی که مایل به درک مفهوم اینترنت اشیاء هستند قرار گیرد. بررسی تعاریف ارائه شده در این حوزه نشان داد که بسیاری از آن‌ها دارای وجوه مشترک و مشابه هستند. در این مقاله، یک تعریف جامع از اینترنت اشیاء ارائه شده است که از تعاریف علمی ارائه شده در مقالات، کتب و وب­سایت‌های سازمان‌های مختلف جهانی استخراج شده است. در نهایت، نگارندگان یک تعریف نسبتا جامع از اینترنت اشیاء ارائه داده‌اند که یک تعریف مطلق از معنای واقعی اصطلاح مورد بحث نیست، بلکه انتظار می‌رود به عنوان بخشی از تحقیق و توسعه‌ی آن در جهت معناداریِ واضح‌تر این اصطلاح مورد استفاده قرار گیرد. این پژوهش نگاه جامعی به تعاریف ارائه شده در گستره اینترنت اشیاء دارد و می‌تواند برای علاقه‌مندانی که به تازگی وارد حوزه اینترنت اشیاء شده‌اند و یا محققانی که خواستار تعمیق بیشتری در این رابطه هستند، مفید واقع گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A search on the scope of IoT definitions to provide a comprehensive definition

نویسندگان [English]

  • Shabnam Shahini 1
  • Abdolhossein Farajpahlou 2
  • Shahnaz khademizadeh 2
  • Marjan Naderan 3
1
2
3
چکیده [English]

As a growing issue, there is no formal, universally accepted definition of the Internet of Things. Browsing the literature  in this area, one finds that  that every single researcher and organization has interpreted this technology as they understand it. As a result, 116 various definitions of this emerging technology have been proposed so far. This research  is an attempt to better understand and master the definition of the Internet of Things; the research is carried out through the method of browsing the literature and reviewing the relevant texts. All relevant but varied definitions and descriptions have been exhaustively to provide a definition that could be used as a reference for the stakeholders who want to understand the concept of the Internet of Things. An examination of the definitions provided in this area showed that many of them have  common similarities. In this article, a comprehensive definition of the Internet of Things derived from the scientific definitions available in articles, books, and websites of various global organizations is provided. Finally, the authors provide a fairly comprehensive definition of the Internet of Things that is not an absolute definition of the true meaning of the term in question, but is expected as part of its research and development for a clearer meaning of the term. This study provides a comprehensive overview of the definitions offered in the scope of the Internet of Things and can be useful for those who are new to the Internet of Things or researchers who want to delve deeper into the field.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • IoT definitions
  • IoT
  • internet of things
  • Things
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